Orff

The Orff Room is a large room designed for a 30 minute, age designated music and movement lesson.  It is based on things children like to do; dance, sing, chant, clap and move with rhythm and beat.  This is a group activity that enables children to choose either to play a musical instrument, with props such as puppets, hats, and scarves or just sing.  During this lesson children exercise their small and gross motor skills.  Collaborating and cooperating in a group fosters their socio/emotional development.  Planning and exercising the course of events encourage their cognitive development.

 

ORFF SCHULWERK is a way to teach and learn music. It is based on things children like to do: sing, chant rhymes, clap, dance and keep a beat on anything near at hand. These instincts are directed into learning music by hearing and making music first, then reading and writing it later. This is the same way we all learned our language.

 


 



orff-content-img-1Using Orff Instruments (tone bar instruments) is part of an entire learning approach. The instruments all possess unique timbres, which make all parts clear and well defined. Their use helps children become sensitive listeners and considerate participants as they play together in an ensemble.

 




 


Orff Schulwerk is designed for all children, not just the privileged, talented or selected few. There is a place for every child and each contributes according to ability.

 

Orff Schulwerk happens in a non-competitive atmosphere where one of the rewards is the pleasure of making good music with others. When the children want to write down what they have composed, reading and writing find their moment.

 

Orff Schulwerk uses poems, rhymes, games, songs and dances as examples and basic materials. These may be traditional or original. Spoken or sung, they may be accompanied by clapping and stamping or by drums, sticks and bells.

 

The special Orff melody instruments include wooden xylophones and metal glockenspiels that offer good sound immediately. Played together as in a small orchestra, their use helps children become sensitive listeners and considerate participants.

 


 




orff-content-img-2Orff Schulwerk is a teaching and learning approach, not a method. Its uniqueness lies in the incorporation of the spoken word with singing, movement and instrument playing as learning tools.

 



 


Why is Orff important in Music Education?

Current research indicates that children need a balance between emotional and intellectual stimulation to develop as healthy human beings. Orff Schulwerk provides this balance through total, active involvement in music making.

 

Orff Schulwerk is a teaching and learning approach, not a method. Its uniqueness lies in the incorporation of the spoken word with singing, movement and instrument playing as learning tools.

 

With Orff Schulwerk, improvisation and composition start students on a lifetime of knowledge and pleasure through personal musical experiences.

 


 


Some of the Objectives of Orff

  • Increase language skills and concepts
  • Increase freedom of self-expression
  • Development of respect for and acceptance of an individual’s attempts at self-expression
  • Increase body awareness
  • Increase body awareness
  • Development and use of spatial relationships
  • Increase skill and ease in functioning as a member of a group
  • Development of the ability to accept, understand, and carry out verbal and non-verbal communication: Listening to directions
  • Following directions
  • Learning to take turns
  • Develop verbalization and speech inflection
  • Provide an opportunity for exploration of the environment
  • Develop and encourage coordination in body movement
  • To motivate individual, by helping to channel extrinsic stimuli to intrinsic stimuli
  • To provide an acceptable outlet for tension
  • Provide a successful, positive musical experience
  • To have freedom, fun and enjoyment
  • Increase voluntary participation
  • Increase independent functioning
  • Self identification
 


 


The Introduction of Orff

Composer Carl Orff (d. 1982) and his associate Gunild Keetman evolved the basic texts for the Schulwerk as models for teachers worldwide. Now translated into eighteen languages, Orff Schulwerk is based on the traditional music and folklore of each country where it is used. At present, more than 10,000 teachers in the United States have found the Schulwerk the ideal way to present the magic of music to their students.

 


 


Orff Training

ntensive, three-level Orff Schulwerk training courses help to prepare teachers and therapists for the challenge of developing music programs adapted to the needs of their students.

The American Orff-Schulwerk Association
Orff-Schulwerk:  http://aosa.org